Whoever assumes authority also assumes responsibility. The degree to which centralization or decentralization should be adopted depends on the specific organization in which the manager is working. All employees should be treated as equally as possible. Each manager, from the first line supervisor to the president, possess certain amounts of authority.
Management should take steps to encourage worker initiative, which is defined as new or additional work activity undertaken through self direction. Retaining productive employees should always be a high priority of management.
The interests of one person should not take priority over the interests of the organization as a whole. A successful organization requires the common effort of workers. Recruitment and Selection Costs, as well as increased product-reject rates are usually associated with hiring new workers.
The existence of a scalar chain and adherence to it are necessary if the organization is to be successful. Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization.
Penalties should be applied judiciously to encourage this common effort. Lower level managers should always keep upper level managers informed of their work activities.
Workers should receive orders from only one manager. For the sake of efficiency and coordination, all materials and people related to a specific kind of work should be treated as equally as possible. The concepts of Authority and responsibility are closely related. The President possesses the most authority; the first line supervisor the least.
Decentralization is increasing the importance. Authority was defined by Fayol as the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience. Management should encourage harmony and general good feelings among employees.
Fayol defined centralization as lowering the importance of the subordinate role. Managers in hierarchies are part of a chain like authority scale.
The entire organization should be moving towards a common objective in a common direction.Dec 04, · Management Principles developed by Henri Fayol: DIVISION OF WORK: Work should be divided among individuals and groups to ensure that effort and attention are focused on special portions of the task.
Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization.
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