And unless we can show that the rationality norm trumps the others, we have not settled what you should do, all things considered. Run-off Decision Theory Some Pascalians propose combining pragmatic and epistemic factors in a two-stage process.
It is in this wager where we lack the luxury of our logic to point us in the right direction. Conceptions of rival Gods, by contrast, leave open various questions about their nature, the answering of which would detract from their simplicity, and thus their probability.
Schlesinger90 offers this principle: Their point is that there are strategies besides wagering for God that also have infinite expectation—namely, mixed strategies, whereby you do not wager for or against God outright, but rather choose which of these actions to perform on the basis of the outcome of some chance device.
We never bother to prove these beliefs. Voltaire hints at the fact that Pascal, as a Jansenistbelieved that only a small, and already predestined, portion of humanity would eventually be saved by God.
Peter Kreeft, Then, when faced with only these two options, Pascal says that you must put your belief in God, because "If you gain, you gain all; if you lose, you lose nothing" Blackburn, Or perhaps rationality does not require it, but at least permits it. According to this argument, if some acts dominate all others, the solution to our decision problem is to perform a dominating act.
In reply, Pascalians offer a number of defenses. Joel Feinberg, Belmont CA: Oxford University Press, — If any conclusion may be drawn from the statement, it is the undersirability of applying mathematics to questions of morality of which some of the data are necessarily outside the range of an exact science.
So ignoring the Wager and having a hamburger has the same expectation as outright wagering for God. A formal statement of this argument might be constructed as follows: The celebrity of fragment has been established at the price of a mutilation.
Or we might consider suitably defined utility ratios, and prefer one option to another if and only if the utility ratio of the former relative to the latter is greater than 1—see Bartha The conclusion is evident: All that we have granted is that one norm—the norm of rationality—prescribes wagering for God.
The expectation of the entire strategy is: However, Pascal stops short in his argument and leaves the readers whom have just been persuaded to believe in God at an even greater crossroad than where they started. Now perhaps this is an analytic truth, in which case we could grant it to Pascal without further discussion—perhaps it is constitutive of rationality to maximize expectation, as some might say.- Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher.
He had many important contributions to the mathematics and physics such as: the construction of mechanical calculators, considerations on probability theory, the study of fluids, concepts of the pressure and vacuum, and the Pascal Triangle.
The argument is attributed to Blaise Pascal on the basis of a section of his Pensees entitled “Infini-rien”. Some defenders of Pascal insist that his argument there is both more subtle and more defensible than the argument that we now call “Pascal’s Wager”.
by wagering that God doesn‘t exist than it is to gamble on the vastly. Blaise Pascal (). and paradox-objections by Paul Saka in The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; Pascal's Wager: A thorough account of Pascal's Wager including the argument from superdominance and probabilistic expected value together with objections and extensive bibliography is provided by Alan Hájek in the Stanford.
Blaise Pascal: The Wager The Wager is not easy to understand and has been dismissed by logicians. PascalвЂ™s pages contain three distinct arguments each of which is valid. Pascal, Blaise (composed in s, first published in s) Pensees, section ; translated & reprinted by Penguin and many others.
Rescher, Nicholas () Pascal’s Wager, University of Notre Dame Press. Saka, Paul () "Pascal’s wager and the many gods objection", Religious Studies While Pascal clearly lays out the pros and cons in a life of belief or disbelief in God, once more those in opposition to the wager ponder the validity of Pascal's discussion in the context of the God in question.Download